ca. 1850’s, [daguerreotype portrait of a druggist/chemist with his tools]
Albert Renger-Patzsch. Untitled (Museum Folkwang), 1934.
The mechanical snake is one of several groundbreaking cancer technologies showcased at previous week’s International Conference on Oncological Engineering at the University of Leeds.
Thousands of Hi-Res pics free to use
A growing number of academic institutions are making their image databases available for general use under Creative Common licenses. The Wellcome Library is the latest addition to this lot. And what an addition it is! The London-based Wellcome Institute specializes in the history of public health and its library hosts a fantastic collection of books and other historic materials, spanning over a thousand years. Be like this flea and start jumping through their books by clicking here.
The Frailty of Human Life, Salvator Rosa, 1656
Painted the same year his brother, son, nephews and nieces were all carried off by the plague that ravaged Naples.
In this piece, Fortuna, a young woman with flowers in her hair, sits on a glass sphere holding a baby. Though this appears to be a religious painting, with poses that echo a Madonna and Child, it is but a memento mori, laced with symbols of the brevity of life. Two putti blow bubbles and burn straw, both representing the ephemeral, and a winged skeleton guides the infant’s hand as he writes, “Conception, sinful; birth, a punishment; life, hard labour; death, inevitable.”
The Cleveland Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health: Event Space Ceiling
The four discoverers of anesthesia: Horace Wells, Crawford W. Long, Charles Jackson and William T. G. Morton. Original painting by Gregorio Calvi di Bergolo (1904-1994).
Lindbergh-Carrel perfusion pump, c. 1935
In 1930, Lindbergh’s sister-in-law developed a fatal heart condition. Lindbergh began to wonder why hearts could not be repaired with surgery. Starting in early 1931 at the Rockefeller Institute and continuing during his time living in France, Lindbergh studied the perfusion of organs outside the body with Nobel Prize-winning French surgeon Dr. Alexis Carrel. Although perfused organs were said to have survived surprisingly well, all showed progressive degenerative changes within a few days. Lindbergh’s invention, a glass perfusion pump, named the “Model T” pump, is credited with making future heart surgeries possible. However, in this early stage, the pump was far from perfected. In 1938, Lindbergh and Carrel summarized their work in their book, The Culture of Organs describing an artificial heart but it was decades before one was built. In later years, Lindbergh’s pump was further developed by others, eventually leading to the construction of the first heart-lung machine.
Portraits of smokers in 1964, when cigarettes were first called killers.
(Photo: Ralph Morse—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images)
Paul Almasy, The size of the culture, seen here in a dish, relates to the quantity of the drug in the patient’s blood, WHO
Paul Almasy, micro x-ray photographs of a chick embryo heart from 3rd to 11th day, from the History of Medicine, World Health Organization
Paul Almasy, Relief Globe for the Blind
GASPARO TAGLIACOZZI. De Curtorum Chirurgia per insitionem, Libri Duo. Venice: Bindonus, 1597.
The pioneer work in plastic surgery or rhinoplasty, this famous book not only recounts its principles for the first time but also illustrates its practice in a series of striking plates.
"For this innovation Tagliacozzi was roundly abused by both Paré and Fallopius, and satirized during the following century in Butler’s Hudibras, while the ecclesiastics of his own time, we are told, were fain to regard such operations as meddling with the handiwork of God. His remains were exhumed from the convent, where they reposed, to be buried in unconsecrated ground. In 1788 the Paris Faculty interdicted face-repairing altogether. In this way plastic surgery fell into disrepute and disuse until the time of Dieffenbach ”—Garrison."Man, some modern philosophers tell us, is alienated from his world: he is a stranger and afraid in a world he never made. Perhaps he is; yet so are animals, and even plants. They too were born, long ago, into a physico-chemical world, a world they never made."Karl Popper, A Realist View of Logic Physics and History